Introduction – Duties of Policemen
According to Kautilya, when there was the golden period of India history and there were no locks on the doors, still there were ‘Arakcies’ in the administration. They were called Nagarpal & “Kotpal’. In the Mughal period, these Nagarpal and Kotpal became Kotwals and even now-a-days in some parts of Indian, Police hes quarters are called ‘Kotwalis’. The modern Indian Police system started during the days of Lord Cornwallis. There was no countrywide uniform system of police but the police of every territory had its own feature. But since 1935, the uniform pattern of the India’s Police is prevalent in the country. Before the independence, the main purpose of the police was to deal with the thieves, robbers, and free dom-fighters, but in free India, the police had different responsibilities However, it does not mean that there are no robbers and thieves in the country and the police have nothing to do with them. Of course freedom-fighters are not there but now the responsibility of the police have greatly increased because bribearty and smuggling etc. are rampant. New types of crimes are always there and the police have to deal with all of them. Now-a-days the police is also busy dealing with the students appearing at the examination at different centres. Eve-teasing is another type of crime which policemen have to check. In dealing with all these things the police needs the co operation of the general public and even some policemen never care for the general public, Until and unless there is good relationship between the general public and the police, the crimes cannot be minimized.
Inefficiencies of policemen and their problems
It is said that the Indian Police is gradually lacking in efficiency. Indian policemen do not work as efficiently as policemen of Scotland yard but we can never forget that our policemen do not possess the modern equipments and their financial condition too is not sound. The Inspector General of police once said that whatever emoluments are given to an average policemen of England, the Indian S. P. (Superintendent of Police) does not receive those emoluments. Under these circumstances. how can the same efficiency be expected form the Indian Police as is prevalent in the police of Scotland yard. Secondly there is a wide gulf between the police and the general public. Both of them see each other with doubt, Our policemen do not have their families with them. The number policemen is also inadequate as compared to the increasing number of people. Another problem that our Indian Police has to face, is that whenever there is a problem of law and order, they have to obey the orders of the Civil Judges. The Judges and Magistrates order for firing etc. and the police is blamed for it. Our policemen do not possess the modern weapons. The criminals have automatic rifles while the havaldar has only a stick. How can he deal with such criminals? C. I. D. branch-There is a section of police which is always busy for searching out the plans of future crimes. The section is called C. I. D. The C. 1. D. personnel have also to face a number of difficulties in the performance of their duties. They have to deal with public men as well as criminals. There is also a Central Intelligence and Investigation Bureau which had been a headache for the criminals. Now-a-days there is also a Border Security Force whose activities are of the same nature as of the Indian army. There is also police for the security of industries and factories.
The policemen are our brothers. The policeman whether he is an officer or a constable, performs difficult duties and so we should co-operate with him. If the general public fully cooperate with the policemen, the task of the policemen becomes easier. It is also the duty of the policemen to think that they are the servants of the public and not their master. Both the police and we should change our outlook and only then our problems can be solved.