Tomatoes are the edible berries of the Solanum lycopersicum plant, also known as the tomato plant. Western South America and Central America are the origins of the species. The Spanish term tomate was derived from the Nahuatl word tomatl, from whence the English word tomato was derived.
Its domestication and cultivation as a cultivated food may have begun with Mexico’s indigenous peoples. At the time of the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, the Aztecs employed tomatoes in their cookery. Once the Spanish encountered the tomato for the first time following their interaction with the Aztecs, they transported the plant to Europe in what is known as the Columbian exchange. During the 16th century, the tomato was brought to various sections of the European-colonized world.
- To avoid getting sick from hybrid plants, use them. It’s best to do this with one gram of streptocyclin and three grams of COC per gallon.
- Grow marigold as a trap crop for nematodes, then spread neem cake on the main field when you plant.
- Some nursery seedlings have been given VAM and a root dip in Rhizobium and PSB solution (1 kg in 7 litres water).
- For hybrids, use 250-250-250 Kg/ha of RDF NPK and 115-100-60 Kg/ha for other plants.
How to increase yield
Foliar application of Arka Vegetable special (at 5 gm / litre) is directly resulting in a 20% to 30% increase in yield. The first 25 to 30 DAT and the next 20 to 25 days after the first spray are the best times to apply Arka Vegetables.
- Spraying Neem oil 4ml/lit, Imidacloprid 0.5 ml/liter, or Fipronil 1ml/litre at 6,9, and 11 weeks after sowing is a good way to get rid of sucking pests.
- Yellow sticky traps at 25-30 per hectare can also be used.
- Spray 1gram/liter carbendazim or 3g/lit wettable Sulphur two times a week for 15 days at a time for two sprays.
- There are usually 15 rows of marigold or cucumber in front of the main crop. This trap crop is used to lure the tomato fruit borer.
- To get rid of fruit borer and leaf miner, we need to keep an eye out for them in the tomato crop. Spray HaNPV 100 LE/acre and Neem insecticide 3-5 ml/ltr. of water to get rid of these pests.
- To stop the plants from dying, drench with copper oxycloride at 3g and Streptocyclin at 0.5% of the water.