Advisory for Soybean and Sesamum cultivation

About Sesamum cultivation

Growing Season and varieties

Improved cultivars should be grown. According to the availability of growth period and purpose, Type-4, Type-12, Type-13, Type-78, Shekhar, Pragati, Tarun, and RT-351 were developed. It takes 90-95 days to complete. It should be sown between the last week of June and the second fortnight of July, with the amount of seeds and distance between two lines varying depending on the species and season. For all kinds, use 3-4 kg seed kernels per hectare. Because the seeds are small, they should be planted in sand, ash, or dry light loamy soil. Seed treatment using 2 grammes of Thiram and 1 gramme of Carbendazim per kilogramme to prevent seed-borne illnesses.

Procedure and chemicals required

Fertilizers should be used based on soil testing. If the soil hasn’t been tested, use 30 kg of nitrogen, 20 kg of phosphorus, and 20 kg of sulphur per hectare. In rocky soil, use 20 kg Potash. As a basal treatment, use half the amount of nitrogen and the entire amount of phosphorus, potassium, and sulphur at the time of sowing, and the remaining nitrogen during the time of regular weeding. Spraying a 2 percent urea solution on the crop during blooming and pod formation will result in an expected increase in yield.

After 15-20 days of seeding, the first weeding should be done, and the second weeding should be done after 30-35 days. During weeding, thin (weed) the plants and keep the gap between them between 10 and 12 cm. For weed management, use 1.25 litters of Elachlor 50 E.C. per hectare.  If the plant has 50-60% pods but is deficient in moisture, irrigation is recommended.

About Soybean cultivation

About Soybean

Soybean (Glycine max), often known as soja bean or soya bean, is a pea family (Fabaceae) annual legume with edible seeds. The soybean is the world’s most economically important bean, providing vegetable protein to millions of people as well as ingredients for hundreds of chemical goods. Soybean, often known as golden beans, is a type of legume. It is an East Asian native. It contains a lot of protein and is a good source of fibre. Soybean oil has only a modest percentage of saturated fat. It is very significant in Punjab for crop diversity. When cultivated in well-drained, fertile loamy soils, it produces excellent results. Soybean yields are best when the pH is between 6 and 7.5.

Procedure and chemicals required

Grow the enhanced cultivars PK-472, JS-715, PS-564, PK262, JS-2, JS 935, JS 7244, Pusa-20, Pusa-16, and PK 416 based on the growing season and purpose. It takes 120-125 days to complete. It should be planted between the middle of June and the first fortnight of July. The space between two lines should be 45 cm, and the distance between two plants should be 3-5 cm, with the seed depth not exceeding 3-4 cm. For all kinds, use 70-75 kg seed kernels per hectare. Use 75-80 kg seed kernels per hectare in late-sown conditions. The percentage of seeds that germinate should be between 75 and 80 percent.

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