Cereals (wheat, barley, maize); oilseeds (mustard, linseed); pulses (chickpea, lentil, and field peas); commercial crops such as cumin, coriander, fenugreek, and fennel; vegetables and fruit crops are among the major field crops planted in Rabi. The production of pulses can be sustained by demonstrating production, protection, and improved technologies; the article enlists the cropping techniques for producing these crops.
High yielding and improved varieties of wheat includes Ratan, Chhattisgarh Gehun-2, C.G. Gehun-3, Chhattisgarh Amber wheat, Kanishka. Wheat sowing should be finished by November 25th. The seed rate should be 100-125 kg/ha for timely sown conditions. Carboxin should be applied to the seed at a rate of 2 g per kg seed. The distance between rows should be 20 cm.
For weed management in wheat
Metsulfuron methyl 1.6-gram active component per acre should be administered 25-30 days after planting for efficient control of wide leaf weeds under ideal moisture conditions in the field for weed management. For narrow leaf weed management, apply Pinoxaden, 16-20 grams active ingredient per acre at 320-400 gram/ml. 25-30 days after sowing. To manage all types of weeds under ideal moisture conditions, Pinoxaden + Carfentrazone (20+8 g active component) should be treated 25-30 days after sowing.
Chickpea is a major pulse crop of Chhattisgarh area and high yielding variety includes: (Gujarat Gram-1), JAKI-9218, J.G.-16, Vaibhav, Indira Chana-1. Chickpeas grow well in the Kanhar soils of the Chhattisgarh plains. Sowing should take place between the 15th and the 30th of October. The seed rate for chickpeas should be 75-80 kg per hectare with the row spacing of 30 cm if planted on time.
For weed management in Chickpea-
Carbendazim treatment at a rate of 2 g per kg seed for protection against soil-borne fungal infections. Monitoring the bug with 5 pheromone traps per hectare is also effective.
Lathyrus is grown in Chhattisgarh’s dorsa and kanhar soils. Ratan, Prateek, and Maha Tiwda are three improved varieties of lathyrus. Seed should be spread between the 15th of October and the 15th of November, at a rate of 40-50 kg/ha.
For weed management in Lathyrus
Seed should be treated with 3-gram Thirum per kg seed, followed by Rhizobium and P.S.B. Culture at 5 gram per kg seed, and finally seeding after shade drying.
Field pea which is advised for better produce includes Ambika, Adarsh, Shubhra, Paras, Vikas, Prakash.
For weed management in Field Pea
A balanced fertiliser should be applied, and Sulphur dust should be utilised at a rate of 25-30 kg/ha for disease management. Spray soluble Sulphur at 3 g/litre water as soon as symptoms start and repeat after 15 days for spray soluble Sulphur.
Recommended varieties of linseed are: Kiran, T-397, Padmini, Shekhar, Indira Alsi-32, kartika, Deepika, Indravati Alsi. It grows well in the state’s dorsa and Kanhar soils. The best period to plant linseed is from October to mid-November. Seed rates for rainfed conditions should be 30 kg/ha, whereas irrigated conditions should be 20-25 kg/ha.
For weed management in Linseed
To protect the crop from seed and soil-borne disease, seed should be treated with Carbendazim at a rate of 2 g/kg seed.
Improved varieties of mustard include Pusa Jai Kisan, Pusa Bold, Kranti, Vardan, Varuna, Chhattisgarh Sarson-1, Indira Toria-1. Mustard should be sown between the 15th of October and the 15th of November, with a seed rate of 4-5 kg/ha.
For weed management in Mustard
Carbendazim (1.5-2 g/kg seed) should be used to treat the seed. Apply Propeconazole at 1 ml per litre of water to seed before sowing, and repeat the spray after 15 days.
Varieties good for cultivation are: Naari N.H.-1, Naari H-15, H.U.S.-305, Manjeera, P.B.N.S.-12, Naari-6, P.B.N.S.-40, Parbhani Kusum, Phule Kusum. The best time to plant safflower is between the 15th and 15th of October. The seed rate should be 10-15 kilogramme per hectare. Row-to-row sowing should be spaced 45 cm apart.
Lentil is grown in dorsa and kanhar soils. Suitable varieties are Lens-4076, J.L.-3, Pusa ageti Masoor, Kota Masoor-2, Kota Masoor-1, Chhattisgarh Masoor-1. Seed should be sown between 15th October to 15th November with seed rate of 40-45 kg/ha.
For weed management in Lentil
After shade drying, the seed should be treated with Rhizobium and Trichoderma culture, P.S.B. at 5-10 gram per kg seed.