Sugarcane, is a perennial grass. It is a member of the bamboo family and is native to India. Sugar, Jaggery, and Khandsari are all produced there. Only one-third of the sugarcane grown in India is used to make jaggery and khandsari, with the remaining two-thirds going to sugar refineries. It also serves as a source of raw materials for the production of alcohol. Sugarcane production is led by Brazil, India, China, Thailand, Pakistan, and Mexico. Maharashtra is India’s top sugar producer, accounting for over 34% of the country’s sugar production, followed by Uttar Pradesh.
Early maturing Variety
CoLK-9700, CO-0237, CO-0229, CO-05009, COPK-05191, COS-03251, CO- 588230, COSa-98231, CO-0238, COS-8436
Mid late Maturity Varieties
CoS-567, CoS-8432, CoS- 97264, CoS- 96275, CoSa-01434, UP- 0097, CoS-94257, CoS-96269, CoPant-84212, CoS-07250, CoS-20193, CoPant-97222
14 to 18 % Soil Moisture is best for obtaining good germination
Temperatures between 26 and 32 degrees Celsius are ideal for sugarcane germination. The optimum time to plant cane in the autumn is 15 September to October, and the best time to plant cane in the spring is 15 February to March in Western Uttar Pradesh and the central region. It is possible to sow late-planted cane from April to mid-May.
The use of well-decomposed FYM/compost at a rate of 10-15 t/ha or composted press mud at a rate of 5 t/ha is advised. A 100 t/ha sugarcane crop removes 208 kg of nitrogen, 53 kg of phosphorus, 280 kg of potassium, 30 kg of sulphur, 3.4 kg of iron, 1.2 kg of manganese, and 0.6 kg of copper from the soil. In Uttar Pradesh, the N requirement of sugarcane is about 150-180 kg N/ha, and 60-80 kg P, O, and 60 kg K2O/ha.
Three hoeings should be done at 1, 4, and 7 weeks after ratoon start to effectively manage weeds in the sugarcane ratoon crop. However, due to manpower constraints, cost, and other factors, pre-emergence applications of either atrazine @ 2.0 kg a.i./ha or metribuzin @ 1.0 kg a.i./ha (800-1000 litres water/ha) followed by either 2,4-D Na salt @ 1.0 kg a.i. (in 600-800 litres water/ha) or hoeing 45 days after ratooning can be successful. At 1 and 6 weeks following ratoon start, trash mulching in alternate rows and hoeing in unmulched furrow is also a viable choice.
Application of atrazine @ 2 kg ai/ha or metribuzine @ 1.25 kg ai/ha as a pre-emergence herbicide followed by DICAMBA @ 350 g ai/ha at 75 DAP is effective in controlling binding weeds in sugarcane.Three hoeings should be done at 1, 4, and 7 weeks after ratoon start to effectively manage weeds in the sugarcane ratoon crop.
However, due to manpower constraints, cost, and other factors, pre-emergence applications of either atrazine @ 2.0 kg a.i./ha or metribuzin @ 1.0 kg a.i./ha (800-1000 litres water/ha) followed by either 2,4-D Na salt @ 1.0 kg a.i. (in 600-800 litres water/ha) or hoeing 45 days after ratooning can be successful.
At 1 and 6 weeks following ratoon start, trash mulching in alternate rows and hoeing in unmulched furrow is also a viable choice. Application of atrazine @ 2 kg ai/ha or metribuzine @ 1.25 kg ai/ha as a pre-emergence herbicide followed by DICAMBA @ 350 g ai/ha at 75 DAP is effective in controlling binding weeds in sugarcane.
Tying and wrapping
In sugarcane production, these actions are critical simply to provide mechanical support to the mature plants and prevent lodging. The leaves are removed from the plants and wrapped together by gathering all of the canes into a single bundle. CO distribution is made simple and uniform throughout the yield by wrapping.
After the clumps have been wrapped in, adjacent rows are linked together (cross-wise). Tying should be done in August, when the cane has reached a height of around 2 metres. When tying up the crop, green leaves should not be linked together.
Activities in April
If top dressing of Urea is getting to be done in winter sugarcane, top dress it with 60 kg of Nitrogen per hectare after irrigation in this month in the crop planted in February and March, if top dressing of Urea is getting to be done in winter sugarcane, top dress it with 60 kg of Nitrogen per hectare.
If the planted kin is to be retained, harvest sugarcane alone and evenly spread the dry leaves before irrigation. Israel Indian uses 25 kg of 1.3 percent on the dry leaves to bridge the gap before irrigation and 90 kg nitrogen per hectare near the roots. Spray 200 ml of imidachloropid (17.8% SL) dissolved in 625 litres of water with 3-5 percent urea depends on the number of leaves in a sugarcane ratoon in February-March to control black ants.
Remove the infected plant’s start and root borer. If the cane is planted after gramme, pea, Masoor, or other crops, water and prepare the land right away. Use only 1/3 of the upper half of the Cane and salt if feasible. Soak the salt in water overnight, then cut 2-3 buds into pieces and treat with 0.1 percent carbendazim. Planting the canes at a 60-centimeter interval apart.
Apply 10 kg acetobacter and 10 kg PSB per hectare near the root, then hoe after irrigation. Weeds can be controlled by hoeing with a spade or cultivator. After 15 to 20 days, irrigate three to four times as needed. A tiny amount of light irrigation at regular intervals is beneficial.
Activities in May
After watering in sugar sugarcane planted in February-March, apply 50 kg nitrogen (110 kg urea) near the root zone and hoe. With leaves, destroy the top, shoot, and root borer’s egg. Cut the diseased plant down to the ground level.
If the ratoon is infected with Black insect spray, 200 ml imidacloprid (17.8% SL) per hectare is dissolved in 625 litres of water with a 5% urea solution. Spraying necessitates the presence of moisture. Irrigate late-planted cane and weed using a hoe. It will save fertiliser while increasing yield by 10% to 12%.
Activities in June
Irrigate and add 60 kg nitrogen per hectare to spring and late-planted cane if urea is not top-dressed. By June, be sure you’ve used all of your fertiliser. If used during the wet season, most urea is destructive. Apply the remaining 90 kg N/ hectare to the root zone of the ratoon cane (200 kg urea).
Lightly bury the planted can in the winter. If there isn’t any rain, irrigate every 15-20 days. For biological management of top borer, use a 2.5 Tricho gram card with 50,000 adult parasites per hectare. From the first week of June through the latter week of August, this should be accomplished. Use ferterra (0.4 G) 22.5 kg per ha near roots in the last week of June if the top borer infestation is severe. Moisture is a must in the field.
Activities in July
Earth the crop is one of the. If there is a water logging problem, make sure there is adequate drainage. If the weed begins to grow, uproot it. Harrow at 45-60 day intervals if green manure, Sanai is sown.
Activities in August
Tie in the first week to avoid having to pay for housing. Spray 5 percent urea on Crop to receive the most advantage from urea spraying.