Rice is India’s primary crop, and millions of Indians eat it every day for sustenance. It is a staple that is enjoyed by the majority of India’s people and is recognized for providing quick energy due to its high carbohydrate content. As a result, the rice crop importance in the country cannot be overstated. Our country consumes a variety of rice varietals, including Basmati, White, Brown, Red, Jasmine, Parboiled, and Sticky Rice. The most popular types of rice in the country are Basmati and White Rice. Rice is a versatile crop that may be grown in a variety of regions, from the plains to the mountains, and can thus be planted as a Kharif or Rabi crop.
Methods of Sowing:
- The transplanting of boro rice should be accomplished in the months of December and January, and the nursery bed should be prepared between November 15th and December 15th. 1kg Urea, 3kg SSP, and 800g MOP were used as a basal for one square meter of nursery bed preparation.
- Prepare the ground for boro rice transplanting by puddling the field twice at 7-10 day intervals and leveling it to ensure a uniform crop stand.
- For the boro season, MTU 1010, Swarna, Naveen, Tripura Chikon, Gomati, and Sahabhagi are good types.
- From one week after transplanting until two to three weeks before harvest, water should be kept at a depth of 2-5 cm. If irrigation facilities are provided, water may be drained from the reservoir. This is done to avoid undue loss of fertilizer due to runoff. The field may again be irrigated 2 to 3 days after top dressing.
- For a good crop apply FYM @ 5 t/ha and one-third of the Nitrogen (43 kg Urea/ha) and a full dose of P and K (250 kg SSP and 68 kg MOP/ha) should be applied as basal. While applying the fertilizer, a thin film of water in the field should be maintained. The remaining two doses of nitrogen should be applied at tillering and panicle initiation stages.
- Use cono-weeder in the boro rice field to control weeds in standing water.