Education in India is ill-conceived and ill-planed. It has outlived its utility. It was started by the Britishers with the primary object of preparing an army of English knowing Indians who should help them in running the administration of the country. The chief aim this education was to qualify a person for Government services.
Indian education after independence
After in dependence, we began to realise the defects in our system of education. Our education was never planned on a national basis. Now, in a set of different circumstances, English is being replaced with our national language and regional laguages as medium of instruction. This is really a concrete step towards nationalization of education. It is. indeed, a matter of surprise and pity that English has dominated Indian languages and is still trying to dominate. In no case, English should be given preference to Hindi and other languages of India.
Education should be vocational
Our education is liberal more than it is vocational, technical and scientific. Universities are work ing like large scale factroies producing grauduates and post-gradna tes unworthy of any occupation in life. Admission to universities should be restricted. Only those boys should be admitted who are gifted and possess a special aptitude for higher studies. The mediocres should be guided to join the various technical vocations on completion of their schooling. This will serve two purposes. On one side, it will purify the atmosphere of the universities by remov ing congestion and will produce useful workers for the service of the society and nation on the other. In this way, we will be able to solve the problem of the educated unemployed. The naked fact is that Indian education needs a complete overhaul of the system. It can be done only by careful planning and a good deal of money.
Three main stages of education and defects in them
Commis sions after commissions have been set up to suggest, reforms in education since the dawn of independence and they have proposed suggestions. In spite of all this, no practical reform has ever been done. Education has three main stages-primary, secondary and university. All the three kinds of education in India are equally defective. Primary education should be compulsory and free and the primary teachers should be well-qualified and well-paid. At secondary stage, classes should not be wide so that individual attention. may be a possibility. The spoon feeding system of education should be replaced with practical education. In short two reforms are very essential at primary and secondary stages. First, there should be a controllable number of students in every class. Secondly, the teachers should be well-qualified and well-paid. Without these two reforms, all the other reforms are ineffective. As we have already suggested university education should be the privilege of the talented and the rich and the worthy.
Children should be allowed to grow and blossom in a natural and serene atmosphere. Educational institutions should be looked upon as temples of learning and the petty politicians like
iconoclasts, should not be permitted to step into them. Their very presence in the campus pollutes the environment of colleges and universities.