The modern science is an endless treasure of miraculous invention which have made human life living. The of broadcasting of most miraculous inventions. the invention, the humanity indebted to three scientists-Hertz, Marconi and Fleming. were pioneers wireless telephone. Their names immortal the annals scientific inventions because they mitigated ignorance and gave knowledge to mankind. Really, such a service mankind which no rival. Broadcasting is a system of transmitting the message without wires. This is done through electrical waves or other waves. The apparatus which receives such messages is called receiving set or Radio.
Short history of broadcasting
During the first decade of the twentieth century, became a possibility in Europe. But India had to wait for some years to make use this great invention of science. It was in 1924, that a radio club was set up at Madras as a first step in this direction. July 1927, the Indian Broadcasting Company inaugurated the regular service by opening the first station in Bombay. In the month August in the same a station was installed Calcutta. But the Indian Broadcasting Company liquidation the absence of financial aid from Government Owing to demand of the public, the Government agreed to take over broadcasting as an experimental measure. In 1930, Department of Industries and Labour under the designation of “Indian Broadcasting Service”. Despite the position of broad casting remained unsafe and uncertain on of of funds. In May 1932, it was finally certainly decided to continue the Indian State Broadcasting Service. Since broad casting have been making a quick progress in our country. 1932, the number of licensed receiving radio sets was only In it was 2,30,025. In 1939, the designation of the Indian Broadcasting Service was changed to “All India Radio” which has been into Hindi as “Akashvani” Meanwhile, powerful broadcasting stations were set up, the most outstanding being at Delhi. After 1947. a new chapter began in the history of the All India Radio Service. Under the supervision and guidance of Late Sardar Patel, the department was completely reorganised, expanded and improved. A large number of radio stations had been set up at Jullundur, Srinager. Amritsar, Patna. Allahabad, Cuttak. Nagpur Bezwada Gauhati and Shillong Now the radio stations have been established in almost all the important cities of the country.
The may-sided utility of broadcasting
It is a boon to humanity. The rapid and simultaneous transmission of news to the farthest corners of the world has made it most up-to-date. It serves as a means amusement and entertainment providing up with musical and dramatic items. In fact, the All India Radio combines education. with its news and recreation programme Purely educational broadcasts too receive special attention as talks and lectures are organised for imparting instructions. Besides these talks and lectures, the childminders programme, the women’s hour, the villagers’ item, book reviews, general knowledge hints, recitation form the Gita, the Quran and the Bible have raised the broadcasting service to the status of an important educative organ. Broadcasting serves a critic by commenting on current world affairs and by reviewing matters both local and foreign. Really, the most important function of the radio is the transmisson and dissemination of news by providing accurate and correct news of happenings in India and abroad for listeners in this country, for Indians overseas and for listeners in some neighboring countries. Broadcasting fosters international understanding and co-operation by removing the barriers of caste, creed and color. It facilitates trade and commerce and tries to bring it on an international level. It helps in detecting crimes Many notorious outlaws and dacoits have been caught with the help of wireless messages. During the war, wireless messages play a very important role. They not only save nations from courting disasters but also enable them to face them heroically with all the resources at their command. When the sailing ships and flying aeroplanes are in danger, ships and flying broadcasting helps in providing security measures to them. In a democracy, broadcasting controls and shapes public opinion. In fact the radio being a State monopoly in our country has vast potentialities as an instrument of propaganda. During the World War, the British Government exploited that agency for carrying on an intensive propaganda on behalf of the Allies. The Chinese and Pakistani Governments out of the deep rooted map-ice employed this agency to spread baseless lies against India during the warfare. Thus broadcasting is the most powerful agency to form public opinion.
The future of broadcasting seems to be glorious in India and the world. But it should cater to popular taste. The greatest caution and restraint have to be used by the Government in its news bulletins. Unfortunately, such balance and sanctity are generally found waiting programmes should be so devised that they may elevate the morals of the people. Though, India is still too poor to afford the fullest possible expansion in the direction, yet the day is not far off when she will boast of a transmitting station in every principal town and receiving set in every home with the extra equipment of television.