Sowing the crop at the right time is a significant component in crop yield. The best period to seed an irrigated crop is between October 25 and November 15. Sowing should be done from the last week of October to the first week of November in areas with limited irrigation. It is recommended to finish sowing by the third week of December in late-sown circumstances. From the last week of October to the first week of November, durum wheat types should be on display.
Varieties with high yields: WH 1105, WH 1184, WH 283, WH 542, HD 2967, HD 3086, DBW 88, DBW 187, DBW 222, PBW 550 for irrigated and promptly seeded circumstances. C-306, WH1025, WH 1080 are recommended for light textured soils with low watering.
Seed treatment: Seed treatment is a low-cost method of controlling seed and soil-borne illnesses. Before sowing the crop, treat the seed with vitavex or Bavistin 2g or raxil-2 DS (1g/kg seed). Seed therapy with thiram (2g) or raxil-2 DS (1g/kg seed) is recommended for seed-borne Karnal bunt disease management. Treatment of seed with chloropyriphos 20 EC (1.5 ml/ kg seed) or ethion 50 EC (5 ml/ kg seed) before application of the aforesaid fungicide is recommended for termite control in light textured soils.
Seed rate: For timely crop seeding, use 100 kg seed per hectare.
Nutrient management: Fertilizers should be applied based on soil tests. It should be applied on the basis of basic recommendations if soil testing is not available. In an irrigated crop, apply 150 kg nitrogen (325 kg urea), 60 kg P2O5 (375 kg SSP or 125 kg DAP), 30 kg K2O (50 kg MOP), and 25 kg ZnSO4 (21%). At the time of sowing, apply a half dose of N and a full dose of P2O5, K20, and ZnSO4. The crop produced under limited irrigation availability received 30 kg N (50 kg urea), 15 kg P2O5 (90 kg SSP for 33 kg DAP), 15 kg K2O (25 kg MOP), and 25 kg ZnSo4 (21%). All fertilizers should be used at the time of sowing.