Sowing time: Wheat is typically planted in the first week of October under irrigated conditions, the second week of November under unirrigated conditions, the first week of December under late irrigated conditions, and the last week of October to the first week of November under rainfed conditions.
Requirement of seed: For optimum plant population, timely sowing of wheat is 100 kg/ha, whereas late sowing of wheat is 125 kg/ha. Seeds should be treated with carbendazim at a rate of 2.0g/kg seed. Sowing should be done in lines with a 20-22 cm × 10 cm gap.
Application of fertilizer: In a timely irrigated state, 150:60:40 Kg/ha (NPK) should be applied; in a late irrigated condition, 90:30:20 Kg/ha (NPK). Half of the N and the entire amount of P & K should be used at the time of sowing, with the remaining N applied in two equal doses at 21 and 45 days after sowing. At the time of land preparation, 5 to 10 tons of FYM or compost should be applied per hectare.
Irrigation: For wheat, proper irrigation is critical. Six irrigations were performed at 20-25 DAS (crown root initiation), 40-45 DAS (tillering), 70-75 DAS (late jointing), 90-95 DAS (flowering), and 110-105 DAS (flowering) (milking stage).
Weed Control: Apply pendimethalin 30 EC @ 1.5 liter/acre for pre-emergence at under 2 or 3 days sowing of wheat for controlling broad leaved weed, spray 2,4-D @ 0.5 to 1 kg per hectare in about 600 liters of water after 4-5 weeks of sowing for controlling narrow leaf weed- sulphosulfuran 33 ml/ha at 30 to 35 DAS for narrow leaf weed.
Seed rate: Depending on seed size, 70 to 85 kg/ha of seed is required. The seed should be planted 8-10 cm deep with a spacing of 30X10 cm. Carbendazim 50 WP was applied to the seeds at a rate of 2 gm/kg seed. Pulse crop seed inoculation with Rhizobium and PSB bio-fertilizers, each at a rate of 20g/kg seed.
Nutrient management: On sowing time, a basal dose of 25:50:25:20 Kg/ha (NPKS) should be provided. 35 to 45 days after seeding, nipping is required.
Water Management: Chickpeas are primarily sown as a rainfed crop. A pre-sowing irrigation should be supplied if irrigation facilities are available. It will ensure that the seeds germinate properly and that the crop grows well. If the winter rains don’t come, administer two irrigations: one at the pre-flowering stage and the other at the pod development stage. Because high irrigation is usually hazardous to chickpea crops, only a mild irrigation should be used.
Weed management: After 25-30 days, one hand weeding or interculture with a hand hoe or wheel hoe, and after 60 days, a second-hand weeding or interculture with a hand hoe or wheel hoe. For effective weed control, use fluchloralin 1 kg per acre in 800-1000 litres of water as a pre-planting spray.
Insect Pests management: Spray spinosad 45 SC @ 0.1 ml/lit, indoxacarb 14.5 SC @ 0.3 ml/Lit, quinolphos @ 1.5 L/ha, flubendiamide 48 SC 0.1 ml/lit, or Novacuron 10 EC 1 ml/lit of water for Pod Borer control.
Disease management: Before sowing, treat the seed with Tricodarma 5gm + carboxsin 1 gm/kg seeds and benlate or a mixture of benlate and thiram (1:1) at a rate of 2.5 g per kg seed to control Wilt. Get rid of all the diseased plants in the field. Pusa 372, BG1053, HK94-134, DCP92-3, and GCP-105 are examples of resistant cultivars. It usually appears three weeks after seeding. Crop rotation should last at least three years.