India is a very famous country in the world. In India there are so many States which are conspicuous to the eyes of the Indians and also to the foreigners owing to their some unique qualities. Our State U. P., stands out prominent among the States of India on account of a variety of reasons population, area, contribution to the War of Independence, different castes, languages, traditions and religious sentiments. It has made history and is making history, U. P. is very famous for its historical places also. India itself has so many historical states and U. P. is one of them.
As a student of History, I had a keen craving for seeing various magnificent historical places and buildings. Only a few years ago, once I along with a few friends of mine started on a tour and visited a few historical places particularly in our State. Really we were wonderstruck to see a few beautiful historical places which are mat chless in our country.
Description of some historical places
We, all the friends decided to start our tour of visiting the historical places, We all made necessary arrangements and one day after all, we reached the station. to start for the fixed places to visit.
First, we reached Ayodhya. Ayodhya is a mythologically historical place in our State. In ‘Tretayug’ several years ago, a King named Dashrath ruled over Ayodhya. Lord Ram, an incarnation of God was his eldest son. Ayodhya it just near Faizabad. People very often visit Ayodhya to satisfy their religious sentiments. It is one of the most prominent pilgrim centres. There are so many temples It is situated on the bank of holy river ‘Sarja’. Here there is one vers great and huge temple called “Hanuman Garh, So many other places like Ram Darbar, Janaki Bhavan’, Janaki Rasion’ and Kanak Bhagwan’ are preserved well by the citizens of Ayodhya. All these places remind us of Lord Ram.
Again we visited Mathura, which is the places of Lord Krishna. the incarnation of God. Lord Krishna ruled over here Near it it there is Brindavan, a famous place. Mathura is also a pilgrim centre.
Again we visited Allahabad
It is a holy city of U. P. Here is the confluence of the three holy rivers-the Ganga, the Yamuna and the Saraswati. The Saraswati is invisible. Allahabad is very famous for its Fort and Ashok Pillar. It is also a pilgrim centre. Allahabad is very proud of the fact that our leader, the late Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was born here, His home, called Anand Bhawan. is visited by the people from all corners of India and the world. Allahabad has been the centre of Mughal Nawabs also. Here some famous battles also had taken place in past.
We can never forget Varanasi, ‘the city of Lord Shiva’. It is situated on the left bank of the holy Ganga. The Vishwanath temple its famous in the world. The Banaras Hindu University stands here as a marvelous monument to the memory of Pandit Madam Mohan Malviya. It is the centre of the past Hindu culture and civilization. Sarnath, one of the most famous historical places, is also in Varanasi. Sarnath was primarily known as ‘Mrigdaya’. This was the first place where Lord Buddha made his five disciples and started preaching of his religion. Sarnath is a worth seeing place of India. Here the temple of Lord Buddha which is called Japanese Temple, is worth seeing. Really we were much pleased to see Sarnath. Varanisi is the city of temples and Sanyasis. We were over pleased seeing a large number of old modern temples there.
There are some places which acquired historical importance during the Mughal period. Agra is the most prominent among them. It was the capital of India during the reign of some Mughal Emperors. The Taj Mahal is one of the few wonders of the world. It was built by Shah Jahan, the famous Mughal Emperor, in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaj Mahal. It is still relating the story of true love of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz. As soon as we entered the premises, our joy knew no bounds. We walked on a pavement and came to the raised marble platform on which it stands. Its beauty, grace and grandeur cannot be described in words. It had been exquisitely and artistically built by the foreign and Indian architects. It cost Rs. 20 crores and it took twenty-two years in its completion.
Here is the famous Red Fort also. So many other mosqueates are worth-seeing. All these historical buildings remind us of the artistic taste of the Mughal Emperors. Fatehpur Sikri, a city built by King Akbar, is also worth-seeing. It stands as a testimony to the fact that Akbar, was the wisest of all the Mughal Emperors. The uniqueness of Fatehpur Sikri lies in its solitariness. One expects a ruin to be deserted, but in a building that is intact one expects to find some inhabitants. Here all the buildings are intact but we do not find inhabitants in them. When such intact buildings are deserted, we were sadly surprised and the contrast between its emptiness and intactness stuck us as being strange and suggestive. We were much impressed on seeing Fatehpur Sikri.
What to speak of Lucknow, a beautiful city famous for its beauty and gardens. It has been the seat of Nawabs. The name of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah will shine in the history of India, till the world exists. The Imambaras-Bara and Chota and Residency-are telling the tale of the prosperous days of the Nawabs. The Residency is a place which is sure to excite Englishmen. The Lucknow University is famous for its fashion and culture. The tender culture and soft mode of talking of Lucknow is famous even in foreign lands. We were much pleased to see this city as it is the Capital of U. P.
There are so many places of historical importance in India. I should advise all of you to see as many historical cities as possible. They remind us of our old culture, tradition and chivalry.